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Sep 23, 2010

Dynamic class generation, QuerySetManager and use_for_related_fields

Vladimir Sidorenko
Vladimir Sidorenko

 

It appears that not everyone knows that in python you can create classes dynamically without metaclasses. I'll show an example of how to do it.

So we've learned how to use custom QuerySet to chain requests:

Article.objects.old().public()

Now we need to make it work for related objects:

user.articles.old().public()

This is done using use_for_related_fields, but it needs a little trick. Thing is that in django related managers are initialized without arguments, and our QuerySetManager takes argument - queryset class.

objects = QuerySetManager(MyQuerySet)

We have to update QuerySetManager in such a way, that will allow setting queryset as class field:

class QuerySetManager(models.Manager):
    use_for_related_fields = True
    queryset_class = QuerySet

    def get_query_set(self):
        return self.queryset_class(self.model, using=self._db)

    def __getattr__(self, key):
        return getattr(self.get_query_set(), key)

In order to use this manager, we have to create a sublcass and set queryset_class:

class MyManager(QuerySetManager):
    queryset_class = MyQuerySet

It's not fun to create such class every time. So we'll write a function that does it for us:

def queryset_manager(qs_class):
    class Manager(QuerySetManager):
        queryset_class = qs_class
    return Manager()

Now it's enough to write:

objects = queryset_manager(MyQuerySet)

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